Types of Water

Custom Water has received inquiries from folks interested in learning more about the different types of water on the market.

Water is an important ingredient to a healthy lifestyle and is a topic worthy of research. The team at Custom Water hopes that information outlined below serves as a helpful explanation and or starting point in your quest to learn more about the various types of drinking waters.


The different types of water, explained.

Today’s consumer has a wealth of options and water types available at arms reach – more so than at any other point in history. In this article we will attempt to highlight the most popular types of water and explain a few of the pro’s and con’s to each.

custom water types

Premium Purified is excellent for numerous applications, namely drinking, pharmaceutical products, labratory testing, marine and freshwater aquariums and many many more. Premium purified is the preferred choice for these sensitive applications due to its purity and controlled trace mineral ingredients.

Our Premium Purified water is processed using an extensive combination of reverse osmosis, carbon filtration, and ultraviolet oxidation. Our water is initially sourced as filtered water from local municipal sources and or spring sources, Once the water enters our facilities we again process through our extensive (and proprietary) 7-step purification systems before we allow even a drop leave our facility. Our way of thinking is that while basic systems, old pipes, etc. may be certified as drinkable, there is only one way we can be sure. We then process and refine this water in the best possible way – Premium Purification. Our Custom Water systems refine the water to the most basic form “pure h2o” then build it back up with trace minerals for the cleanest, healthiest and most refreshing water available. Our process works as follows;

INSERT Purification GRAPHIC

This ultimately creates the most healthy and refreshing water product on the market.

Spring Water is sourced from underground springs and aquifers. These spring sources are typically found in more rural areas. Many of these sources are “protected” from local traffic, building, and development in order to prevent contaminants from entering the water supply. Once pumped from the ground, Spring Water is transported in large tanker trucks to a processing and bottling facility. Tanker trucks are regularly cleaned using ozone or chlorine to insure they are sanitized and protected against contaminants. Once this water reaches the bottling facility, the water is processed through a carbon filtration system to remove the chlorine and particulate impurities. Finally, this water is tested to insure that the water product meets EPA drinking water standards before being filled into individual bottles for drinking.

Tap Water is sourced from ground water sources and is processed using standard filtration processes. In many cases, this water runs through sand filtration and charcoal filtration to filter out larger particles and organic material. From there additives such as chlorine (for sanitation) and fluoride (to prevent tooth decay) are added into the water.

While tap water is very inexpensive (relatively speaking), it is worth considering where and when you want to utilize this type of water. Tap water is great for watering the yard, flushing the toilet and washing your car. However, cheap does not always mean good. In fact, the chlorine additive in tap water is known to dry out your skin and hair. Tap water in certain places such as Los Angeles county and the city of Flint, Michigan have had various drinking water issues. Recently, in Gardena, CA water was pouring out of faucets smelling like sewage and dark in color[1]. In another case, children and towns people in Flint, Michigan were exposed to high lead content due to corrosive water from Flint River causing aging pipes to leach lead into the water supply. Up to 12,000 children have tested for high levels of lead and may experience serious health issues.

Many folks that are critical of the bottle water industry claim that tap water is perfectly safe (even the black stuff). In many counties, the color and smell of the water coming out of the tap should raise enough questions that something needs to be done. From the individual consumers perspective, running the water through a basic charcoal filtration system before ingesting the water. From the Water Agency and Government level, massive investments in infrastructure need to be made to replacing aging pipes and filtration equipment.

Distilled Water is popular in laboratories, aquariums, cigar humidors and beer brewing due to its high level of purity. The process for distilling water dates back to at least 200 AD when it was described by ancient Greek Philosopher Alexander of Aphrodisias. To distill water, one must boil the water then collect and condense the steam into a sanitary container. Water distilling has traditionally been both resource and time consuming. During World War II there was a saying that it took about a gallon of fuel to make a gallon of fresh water. Modern techniques have since perfected that process and are able to convert 175 gallons of fresh water using only one gallon of fuel. Other techniques including solar stills (popular with backpackers) and flash-type evaporators (popular with boaters) have further refined and expanded the process of distillation. Distillation is an excellent technique for removing hard metals and particulates from the water. Unfortunately the lack of minerals in distilled water has been a source of concern The World Health Organization has conducted research that indicates de-mineralized water can cause health issues if consumed exclusively. It is recommended to supplement the water with Calcium, Magnesium and Sodium to maintain optimum health.

Artesian Water comes to the Earth’s surface a bit differently than traditional ground waters (ie Spring). The key difference is that Artesian water is typically confined under pressure between layers of non-porus rock like clay or shale. When the well is tapped, the water will rise naturally to the land surface due to its underground pressure. This process helps purify the water naturally.

Alkaline Water has a higher pH than regular water — generally between 7 and 9.5. For perspective, pH is the measure of alkalinity or acidity of a substance. This potential hydrogen (pH) scale runs from 0 to 14 — with 7 as the neutral point. pH 1 liquids are very acidic where as liquids with pH of 13 are very alkaline. Regular water clocks in right around 7 – meaning its very neutral. Research has shown that human blood has a pH of 7.4 meaning that it is slightly alkaline. Additional research shows that small fluctuations (0.5) in the pH of our blood can have serious health risks. It is worth noting that our stomachs have high levels of acidity to power digestion of food (range 1.5-3.5 acidic). Our bodies are a constant balancing act of acidic and alkaline, and keeping a 7.4 pH helps us stay healthy. Researchers at the Budwig Center believe that Alkaline water helps balance the acidity of our bodies, fight cancer, and help with digestion.

Alkaline Water is purified water that has been run through a ionizer. Many folks claim that they can make Alkaline water by cutting up a few lemons or filtering with a “pH filter”. A cottage industry has popped up to supply these “home alkaliners” but the science and health benefits do not support these products. Alkaline systems are very intensive and require an Ionizer. For sake of conversation, a home ionizer runs upwards of $1500.00 and industrial grade are significantly more. The additional equipment and processing are key contributors in driving up the price of alkaline water. Primary proponents of Alkaline Water are alternative medicine and cancer centers. Alkaline water can be tested with a pH testing kit – similar to the one used for fish tanks but results can vary. One final note for you – alkaline water has a shelf life of just a few days before it loses its ionization so check those dates!

Enhanced Water is a water product that contains additional ingredients such as vitamins, minerals, sugars etc. In many cases these are fruit flavored beverages marketed as a replacement for soda. A great example is Vitaminwater which contains up to 33grams of sugar per bottle. We recommend being very careful when purchasing these Enhanced Waters as there is a significant amount of false advertising in this category.

[1] (“You don’t drink the water in Gardena” LA Times 03/14/2016) http://www.latimes.com/local/california/la-me-gardena-dirty-water-20160314-story.html